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lighting fixtures

Discover the types of lighting fixtures and learn how to use each one

Lighting is one of the fundamental items in any environment. After all, it is an artifice used to enhance spaces, decoration and also transmit sensations, such as comfort and clarity. The type of luminaire in each corner of the house can make all the difference in the final result.

To avoid unnecessary work, the ideal is to think about the lighting project right at the beginning of the renovation or construction. It can be developed after defining the dimension of each room and the layout of the house. This facilitates execution and also avoids overspending.

Types of fixtures

The role of lighting fixtures goes beyond illuminating the room: they can highlight something special, help hide any imperfection and give life to the environment. Discover the main options available on the market:

Built-in luminaires

Are those that are embedded in the ceiling, usually plaster? It is the ideal choice for minimalist finishes. They can be directional or fixed, helping to enhance decorative objects, highlight architectural details or create a spot of light. They are usually well installed in environments with low ceilings.
pendant light fixtures in the living room

The decorated environment of The Lake Gramercy Park, Tegra development in Alphaville.

Pendant fixtures

Pendant luminaires can be used to create a focus of light on tables, dressers and countertops, and complement other types of lighting in the environment. With different designs, these pieces usually draw a lot of attention in the decoration and gain even more prominence in places with high ceilings.


Maybe it’s the first item that comes to mind when talking about lighting fixtures. Rich in detail, the chandelier represents sophisticated, functional and decorative lighting in any environment.


Ceilings are luminaires installed very close to the ceiling, very close to the cladding. They are widely used for indirect light effects.


The spot creates small spots of light. It is often used to highlight individual pieces – like paintings and crafts, for example.

Table lamps

There are two main types of table lamps, direct light and indirect light. The first option is recommended for spaces where tasks that require concentration are practiced (study, work, and reading, among other activities). The second option is more used to create a cozier atmosphere.
table lamp on top of the bedside table, beside the bed
The decorated environment of TEG Vila Carrão, a Tegra project in São Paulo.

Floor lamp

These fixtures, also known as floor or column fixtures, can create direct lighting or complement indirect lighting. They promote a welcoming atmosphere and are suitable for all types of environments.


Sconces are wall-mounted luminaires. They project diffused light – up, down or to both sides – indirectly illuminating and creating a cozy atmosphere. They are extremely useful for hallways, bathroom sides and mirrors.

How to choose the type of lighting

A common mistake is too many points of light. Today, more than ever, lighting needs to be sustainable and have to do with the family’s daily life, their habits, needs and hours of use, in addition to architectural and sensory factors.

Now, if there is no knowledge about the residents, as in the case of new properties or properties that will be renovated for sale or lease, there are some indications made by architects about the most suitable lighting for each space, according to its function. Here are examples:

Living room

It’s an environment that asks for softer lighting, but without leaving the place too dark. Point lights can be projected on the coffee tables and on the sides. It is also valid to bet on indirect lighting with the use of lamps and floor lamps. In this space, you should avoid placing light points on the sofa, armchairs or ottomans, as they can cause discomfort.

lamp in the living room

The decorated environment of The Garden Gramercy Park, a Tegra development in Alphaville.

Dining room

Good lighting over the dining table is essential. Therefore, it is recommended to use a chandelier. On very long rectangular tables, for example, it may be necessary to install auxiliary points on the sides, as the chandelier usually focuses directly on the center.


In this environment, lighting needs to be efficient and very bright. It is common to opt for white light, as it is more intense. An important tip is to light the workbenches well with light points.


The room asks for soft lighting. Ceilings are welcome, as are lamps and floor lamps.


The bathroom is another room that requires bright lighting. The tip here is to use diffused or indirect lights close to the mirror, such as sconces so that the face is illuminated evenly and without shadows.

White light or yellow light?

A common question when thinking about home lighting is which shade of light to use: white or yellow? To answer this question, it is necessary to know what sensations the person wants to awaken in space. If the idea is to convey coziness, yellowish and lower intensity lamps are welcome. Now, if the goal is to have more clarity, white lighting is the right choice.

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