How deep is a leach field

How deep is a leach field. A septic tank/leach field and drain field are what keep your home’s wastewater from reaching nearby lakes and streams.

The proper sizing of the drain field is necessary to ensure it can hold all of the wastewater flowing through it by way of the septic system waste tank.

If you need a new drain field or digging up a drain field, then make sure you hire someone who will be able to get the right size installed so that over time the drains in your property don’t back up because it is filled with too much water.

A good professional installer should be knowledgeable enough to know that when choosing a drain field, there are certain factors involved such as knowing how many bedrooms there are in a typical house in addition to how many people live within it.

You also have to consider how many showers and sinks also come into play and how often they might get used.

How deep is a leach field

how deep is a leach field

The perfect place to begin with installing any type of leach field is your yard, which will help you take the load off your septic tank in addition to using a lot less drinking water.

Leach fields come in many different shapes and sizes, but six feet will be around enough for trenches that are about 18 to 36 inches wide, one to three feet deep, and can be anywhere from 100 feet to 800 feet long.

An Overview of Drain Fields

In a septic system, solid waste stays contained in your septic tank until you’ve pumped it out. The bacteria in that wastewater however is much more mobile.

During the septic process, solid waste sinks to the bottom of your tank while wastewater and the bacteria it contains flow out of the septic tank itself and into the drain field.

From there, the water percolates through the soil and then joins the local groundwater.

As the water percolates through the soil, microbes start to eat away at any harmful liquid contaminants including but not limited to sewage or hazardous materials creating nutrient-rich water that can be reused over and over again inside of your household.

Measurement of Drain Field Depth

measurement of drain field depth

Typically, a drain field is 3 to 4 feet deep. It contains 12 inches of gravel below the pipe and another 2 inches on top.

The rest was backfilled with 18 to 30 inches of soil.

But the depth may change depending on whether there is an underground obstacle like bedrock.

Underground obstacles create shallower drain fields 6 inches deep or less.

This requires extra filtering from bacteria so that groundwater doesn’t get contaminated.

The placement of the drain field should be 12 to 24 inches above where groundwater floods/overtops the ground level.

Dimensions of the drain field

Your septic system designer will calculate the exact size requirements of your drain field based on the number of bedrooms in your home.

The designer will also factor in zoning requirements and soil conditions specific to your lot into the equation.

Local building codes also define setbacks from streams, wetlands, water supply lines, local water wells, and other potential obstacles.

Typically, the pipes in your drain field run about 100 to 150 feet in length but they can run longer.

Pipes are often set 6 feet apart from each other as well. Setting pipes 1 to 3 feet apart is generally adequate.

Spacing them 6 feet apart, however, allows for the addition of more pipes later at a 3-foot spacing if necessary without expanding the overall footprint of the drain field.

Can a leach field be too deep?

A drain field is an underground network of pipes and other fixtures designed to collect wastewater. The drainage system may be shallower than 3-4 feet below ground, but that isn’t always the case.

The pipe system may need to become even deeper when underground obstacles are present, such as rocks or lawns for example.

How far should garden be from leach field?

Measure 10 feet from the outer perimeter of a septic or leach field. Mark the garden’s borders with stakes at varying heights to indicate which products should be planted where according to density (taller stakes for taller plants).

Plant produce as per a chart that shows what produces should be planted based on its height and width, as well as other considerations such as cost and space available.

How deep is a leach field

Related Guides