Preserved plants: what are they and how to use them in decoration?
Green is a color that stands out in the decor. It is responsible for bringing tranquility, lightness and warmth to the home, and the easiest way to bring the tone indoors is with plants. One of the possibilities is to resort to the vertical garden.
This type of garden can be even more practical if it is done with preserved plants. They have the naturalness of live leaves, but require little maintenance and have great durability.
In the past, decorative plants were divided only between natural and artificial, the latter being widely criticized for its little organic aspect. So, the plant preservation technique was created to take advantage of the best characteristics between the two options.
In addition to the large panels, it is possible to use them in different formats – from a small decorative frame to potted trees.
What are preserved plants?
Preserved plants are natural foliage that undergo a chemical process that ensures durability. It is as if they “stuffed” the plants. They don’t really come alive, but they have the texture and effect of natural plants. Therefore, they do not need water, air and light. The only maintenance required is dust cleaning.
How to make a preserved plant?
It is a chemical, manual and technological process made only by professionals. Natural plants are dehydrated and, in place of water, they receive a chemical component for preservation.
Each plant is treated with care to ensure its original appearance, shape, texture and color. After this phase, they undergo drying and dyeing.
What is the durability?
It depends on environmental conditions, such as the incidence of sunlight and humidity. The average duration is 5 years, but there are some gardens that last up to 10 years. Keeping it away from the sun and water ensures greater durability.
How and where to use preserved plants
Green panels tend to impress for their beauty and visual impact on the decor. But if they are too big, and with natural plants, they can make care difficult. Therefore, preserved plants fit well in this format, precisely because of their ease of maintenance.
Very common in the decoration of commercial facilities – such as offices, shopping centers and hotels – preserved plants are increasingly gaining in homes. The projects are designed by professionals and companies specialized in the subject.
But the use of this type of plant can go beyond green walls: they can be used as decorative frames, small arrangements and vases.
It is necessary to choose a closed, dry and shady environment, as sunlight and water interfere with durability, causing wear and fading.
Cleaning of preserved plants
It is recommended to carry out at least an annual maintenance to remove and replace plants that have deteriorated over time, to change species or even to carry out a new dyeing.
Cleaning can be done without the help of professionals. Just use a duster every five or six months to get rid of excess dust.
Most used plants
Up to 15 meter tall trees can be preserved and assembled by hand. Some species of palm trees, boxwoods and cycads are more used in pots, as they tend to look more like the original version after the preservation process.
In vertical gardens, ferns, ferns, foliage, asparagus, mosses and flowers are the most common choices.
Benefits of preserved plants
Unlike natural plants, preserved ones do not carry out photosynthesis, which prevents them from growing, influencing the local temperature and filtering pollutants.
Because it requires less care, the use of this type of plant ends up being more economical. Once installed, there is no need to fertilize, change the soil, water or change the structure.
In fact, as there is no need to water, one of the biggest problems of vertical panels with natural plants is avoided: the risk of infiltration and mold. In many cases, it is even necessary to waterproof the place.
Here are some more reasons to decorate the environment with the preserved ones:
– No need for periodic maintenance;
– Helps absorb excessive sound, improving ambient acoustics;
– Plants and leaves free from unwanted insects;
– No need for automatic or manual irrigation;
– Resistant to temperature fluctuations and air conditioning;
– Due to the preservation process, the plant remains always the same, without altering its appearance;
– Plants with very high durability.
The preservation process is long (it can take up to 60 days) and the assembly is handcrafted, delicate and laborious. With all this process, the preserved plant is usually more expensive than the natural one.
In the case of the vertical garden, the square meter can cost from R$990 to R$2,000.00.
The initial expense with natural plants can be lower, but the ongoing maintenance they need must be taken into account. In addition, they die more easily and there are more replacement costs.
Not to mention that, with a busy routine, taking care of the plants properly can be a very difficult task and, therefore, many people end up giving up on having them at home.